Morning Sickness and nausea during pregnancy is common, and this occurs mostly in the first 16 weeks of pregnancy. Dealing with morning sickness is the toughest part for most women in their pregnancy. Morning Sickness is also considered to be the first indication of pregnancy in most cases. Morning Sickness does not necessarily happen in the morning and can happen at any time of the day. However, it tends to be more severe during the daytime. The exact cause for morning sickness is not known, but it is mostly due to some hormonal changes that happen during pregnancy.
The first sign of morning sickness happens in the first month when you miss your menstrual period, and this is when there is a rise in the pregnancy hormones. Nausea can be severe for those women who carry twins, as they have more of the pregnancy hormones. Women generally complain of less morning sickness after the first trimester, but it can even go to the second trimester for some. It usually goes away by 12-14 weeks, but in some cases, it lasts well into the pregnancy. One could take some simple home treatments and change their eating patterns to control vomiting and nausea.
When should you show a doctor?
If the vomiting occurs 2-3 times in a day and is moderate to severe or if the woman complains of lower pelvic pain or vaginal bleeding, then this may be a sign of miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy and needs to be shown to the doctor immediately. If the nausea is severe, then it may lead to dehydration, for which you will need to take medication. Constipation and heartburns occur even when there is mild dehydration, and one should thus look out for any signs of dehydration and seek immediate help. If there is severe or persistent vomiting or if you are unable to take fluids, then it could lead to malnutrition or dehydration, and you may be asked to get hospitalised and be given intravenous.
How to get comfort from morning sickness?
There should be just sufficient food in the stomach. The stomach should neither be too full nor empty
A small snack as soon as you get up can be of comfort
Drink lots of fluids
Cut on fatty foods and eat a lot of proteins
Eat a nutritious and balanced diet
Include the intake of Vitamin B6
Ginger can be taken in a powdered or capsule form
Avoid the intake of tea or coffee
Acupressure placed on the P6 points help to relive nausea
Avoid smells that make you nauseated
Do no smoke or take alcohol or liquor
Get enough rest
Human chorionic gonadotropin hormone(hCG), estrogen, sensitivity to odours, sensitive stomach, and stress are commonly blamed to be the causes of nausea and morning sickness. Its exact cause, however, is still not known. Even if you have mild nausea, it can get you tired easily, and those who have it round the clock can feel miserable and exhausted all through the day. You could try the home remedies or talk to your gynaecologist, who can help you get some relief from morning sickness.